This medication is used to treat infertility in women. It works by stimulating an increase in the amount of hormones that support the growth and release of a mature egg (ovulation). This medication is not recommended for women whose ovaries no longer make eggs properly (primary pituitary or ovarian failure).
Aromasin® may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Clomiphene citrate is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity or allergy to Clomiphene citrate or to any of its ingredients.
Pregnancy Category X. Clomiphene citrate use in pregnant women is contraindicated, as Clomiphene citrate does not offer benefit in this population.
Available human data do not suggest an increased risk for congenital anomalies above the background population risk when used as indicated. However, animal reproductive toxicology studies showed increased embryo-fetal loss and structural malformations in offspring. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential risks to the fetus.
Liver Disease. Clomiphene citrate therapy is contraindicated in patients with liver disease or a history of liver dysfunction.
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding. Clomiphene citrate is contraindicated in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding of undetermined origin.
Ovarian Cysts. Clomiphene citrate is contraindicated in patients with ovarian cysts or enlargement not due to polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Other. Clomiphene citrate is contraindicated in patients with uncontrolled thyroid or adrenal dysfunction or in the presence of an organic intracranial lesion such as pituitary tumor.
Initial course: 50 mg orally once a day for 5 days
-If progestin-induced bleeding is planned, or if spontaneous uterine bleeding occurs prior to therapy, this regimen should be started on or about the fifth day of the cycle
-Therapy may be started at any time in a patient with no recent uterine bleeding
Second course: If ovulation does not occur after the first course of therapy, a second course of 100 once a day for 5 days should be given
-This course may be started as early as early as 30 days after the previous one after precautions are taken to exclude pregnancy
Before taking clomiphene, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: ovarian cysts or enlarged ovaries (not due to polycystic ovary syndrome), abnormal vaginal bleeding, liver disease, uterus problems (e.g., uterine fibroids, endometriosis), thyroid/adrenal gland problems, tumor in the brain (pituitary tumor), high levels of fats/triglycerides in the blood.
Use of clomiphene may result in multiple births (e.g., twins, triplets). Consult your doctor for more details.
This drug may make you dizzy or cause vision changes. Alcohol or marijuana can make you more dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness or clear vision until you can do it safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana.
Stop using this medication when you become pregnant. This medication must not be used during pregnancy. If you think you may be pregnant, tell your doctor right away.
It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. This drug may reduce milk production. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Stomach upset, bloating, abdominal/pelvic fullness, flushing ("hot flashes"), breast tenderness, headache, or dizziness may occur. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: abnormal vaginal bleeding, mental/mood changes.
Vision changes (e.g., blurred vision, seeing spots or flashes) may sometimes occur during clomiphene treatment, especially if you are exposed to bright light. These side effects usually go away a few days or weeks after treatment is stopped. However, in rare cases, vision changes may be permanent. Get medical help right away if any of the following occur: vision problems/changes, eye pain.
This medication may cause a condition known as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Rarely, serious OHSS causes fluid to suddenly build up in the stomach, chest, and heart area. This may occur during therapy or after treatment has been stopped. Get medical help right away if you develop any of the following side effects: severe pain/swelling in the lower abdomen (pelvic) area, sudden/rapid weight gain, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath, decreased urination, pain/redness/swelling of the legs, chest pain, fast/irregular heartbeat.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In case, an overdose with Clomid happened seek emergency help.